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How to Calm Down: 16 Proven Techniques for Instant Relaxation

When you're feeling anxious or overwhelmed, it can be challenging to calm down. Sometimes, your mind can race with thoughts and worries, and it can feel impossible to relax. Fortunately, there are several techniques you can use to help calm your mind and body. By practicing these techniques regularly, you can develop a sense of calmness and reduce your stress levels.

In this article, we'll cover sixteen proven techniques for calming down. We'll also look at how regular physical activity can help you manage stress and reduce anxiety. Finally, we'll share some other tips to help you stay calm during difficult times.  

Understanding Stress

Stress is a natural response of your body to challenging or demanding situations. It's a part of life, and everyone experiences it from time to time. Nevertheless, when stress persists over time, it can detrimentally affect both your physical and mental well-being.

When you encounter a stressful situation, your body's stress response is activated. This response is also known as the "fight or flight" response, and it's designed to help you deal with the situation. The body releases the stress hormone cortisol, which prepares you to either fight the stressor or run away from it.

However, when stress becomes chronic, the body's stress response can become overactive, and the constant release of stress hormones can have harmful effects on your body. 

Chronic stress has been associated with various health issues, such as elevated blood pressure, cardiovascular disorders, and depressive symptoms.

It's essential to understand the signs of stress so that you can take action to manage it. Some common signs of stress include:

  • Feeling anxious or irritable
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Changes in appetite
  • Headaches or muscle tension
  • Feeling overwhelmed or unable to cope

If you're experiencing any of these symptoms, it's important to take steps to manage your stress levels. 

How to Calm Down. Understanding Stress

The Power of Deep Breathing

When you are feeling stressed or anxious, taking a few deep breaths can be a powerful way to calm down and regain control of your emotions. Deep breathing, also known as diaphragmatic breathing or belly breathing, is a technique that involves taking slow, deep breaths from your diaphragm, rather than shallow breaths from your chest. By doing so, you can help to activate your body's relaxation response, which can reduce feelings of stress and anxiety.

Breathing Exercises for Stress Relief

There are many different breathing techniques that you can use to help relieve stress and anxiety. Here are a few examples:

  • 4-7-8 breathing: Take a deep breath in through your nose, counting to 4. Hold it for a count of 7, and then slowly exhale through your mouth for a count of 8. Repeat this cycle for a few minutes, fully immersing yourself in the sensation of your breath flowing in and out of your body.
  • Equal breathing: Take a deep breath in through your nose, counting to 4, and then exhale through your nose, also counting to 4. Repeat this cycle for a few minutes, focusing on the sensation of your breath as it moves in and out of your body.
  • Alternate nostril breathing: Close your right nostril with your right thumb, and inhale through your left nostril for a count of 4. Hold your breath for a count of 4, then release your right nostril and exhale through it for a count of 4. Repeat this cycle for a few minutes, alternating between your left and right nostrils.

By practicing these breathing techniques regularly, you can train your body to respond more effectively to stress and anxiety, and develop a greater sense of calm and relaxation in your daily life.

How to calm down. Breathing exercises

Physical Activity and Stress Relief

Another effective way to reduce and relieve stress is through physical activity. Exercise can act as a stress reliever, and it can help manage stress in many ways.

When you exercise, your body produces endorphins, which are natural chemicals that improve your mood and act as painkillers. Exercise also reduces the levels of stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol, in your body. This can help you feel calmer and more relaxed.

You don't need to be an athlete or in great shape to benefit from exercise. Even moderate physical activity, such as a brisk walk or a gentle yoga class, can be enough to improve your mood and reduce stress.

In addition to improving your mood, exercise can also help you sleep better, which can further reduce stress. Physical activity can also help you feel more confident and in control, which can be especially helpful during stressful times.

If you're not sure where to start, try incorporating physical activity into your daily routine. Take a walk during your lunch break, do some stretching before bed, or try a new exercise class with a friend. Explore a variety of physical activities to discover the ones that suit you best.

Overall, physical activity is a simple and effective way to manage stress and improve your overall well-being. 

How to calm down. Physical Activity and Stress Relief

The Importance of Fresh Air

Next to physical activity, another effective way to reduce stress is by getting some fresh air.  Breathing in fresh air sends more oxygen to your brain, which can help you think more clearly and work more effectively.

Fresh air can also help improve your mood and reduce feelings of depression. Research has shown that spending time in nature can help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, and breathing in fresh air is an important part of that.

In addition, fresh air can help improve your immune system. When you breathe in fresh air, you're also breathing in a variety of natural compounds, such as phytoncides and terpenes, which can help boost your immune system and reduce your risk of illness.

How to calm down. The Importance of Fresh Air

Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) is a relaxation technique that can help alleviate stress and tension in your body. It involves tensing and relaxing specific muscle groups in a systematic way, which can help you become more aware of the sensations in your body and release physical tension.

To practice PMR, you can follow these steps:

  1. First, locate a serene and cozy spot to settle yourself, either by sitting or reclining.
  2. Inhale deeply and center your attention on your breath.
  3. Start with your feet and tense the muscles in your toes and feet for about five seconds.
  4. Release the tension in your feet and notice the sensation of relaxation for about 10 seconds.
  5. Move on to your calves and repeat the process of tensing and relaxing the muscles.
  6. Continue to work your way up your body, tensing and relaxing each muscle group for about five seconds each.
  7. When you reach your head and face, tense the muscles in your forehead and jaw for about five seconds, then release the tension and notice the sensation of relaxation.

You can repeat this process as many times as you like, or focus on specific muscle groups that feel particularly tense or sore. PMR can be a helpful tool to use when you're feeling stressed or anxious, or as a way to unwind before bed.

It's important to note that PMR should not cause pain or discomfort. If you experience any pain or discomfort while practicing this technique, stop immediately and try a different relaxation technique.

Overall, PMR is a simple and effective way to release physical tension and promote relaxation in your body.

How to calm down. Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Other Tips to Calm Down

In addition to the techniques mentioned earlier, there are other tips you can try to address stressful situations. Here are some suggestions:


Visualization involves imagining a peaceful scene or scenario in your mind, such as a beach or a forest. It can help distract you from your worries and promote relaxation.


Journaling your thoughts and emotions is a valuable practice that facilitates reflection, enabling you to gain clarity and a fresh perspective. It can also help you identify patterns in your behavior and emotions.

Harness the power of your thoughts

When you're feeling stressed or overwhelmed, it can be easy to get caught up in negative thoughts and worry. Try taking a step back and challenging the thoughts that are causing you stress. Ask yourself if they are really true, and try to come up with alternative ways of looking at the situation.

Use a mantra

When things feel out of control, repeating a calming mantra can help you stay grounded and present. Pick a few words or phrases that make you feel calm and relaxed, such as "I am calm" or "all is well". Repeat them to yourself whenever needed.


Smiling can actually help reduce stress levels in your body. Even if you don't feel like it, try forcing a smile on your face. It can help shift your mood and make you feel more relaxed.

Get creative

Creative activities, such as painting or playing music, can be a great way to express yourself and manage stress. They can also provide a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction that can help boost your self-esteem.

Spend time with friends

Spending time with close friends and family can help reduce stress levels and make you feel supported. Talking to someone about your worries can also be a helpful way to process them.

Take breaks

Taking regular breaks throughout the day can help you stay focused and reduce stress. Make sure to take time for yourself each day, whether it's reading a book or taking a walk outside. 

Use a stress-relief toy

Stress-relief toys, such as fidget spinners or worry stones, can be a great way to reduce stress and anxiety. They provide an outlet for your worries and help keep your mind focused on the present moment.

Use essential oils

Essential oils, such as lavender or chamomile, can help promote relaxation and lessen feelings of stress. You can use them in an aromatherapy diffuser or directly on your skin for best results.

Remember that what works for one person may not work for another, so it's important to experiment and find what works best for you. Don't be afraid to seek professional help if you're struggling to manage your emotions on your own.

How to calm down. Use essential oils

Mental Health and Anxiety

Feeling anxious is a normal part of life. However, if you experience anxious feelings frequently, it may be a sign of a more serious condition such as Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). If you are struggling with anxiety, it is important to prioritize your mental health and seek help from a mental health professional.

Mental health is just as important as physical health. It affects how you think, feel, and behave. Taking care of your mental health can help you cope with life's challenges and lead a fulfilling life.

If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety, it is important to seek help from a mental health professional. They can help you identify the root cause of your anxiety and provide you with tools to manage it. 

How to calm down. Seek help from a mental health professional


Calming down can be challenging, especially when you're feeling overwhelmed by stress or anxiety. However, there are many techniques and tips that can help reduce your stress levels and promote relaxation. From deep breathing to visualization, there are many strategies you can try to calm yourself down in difficult moments. Additionally, it is important to prioritize your mental health and seek help if needed. With the right techniques and support, you can learn to manage your stress and anxiety in a healthy way. 

Remember that everyone reacts differently to stressful situations, so it's important to find what works best for you. Take the time to experiment with different relaxation techniques and focus on developing a routine that helps you stay organized and calm. With practice and consistency, you can learn to manage your stress and anxiety in a healthy way.